## Introduction

This article describes how to go from times series data such as this...

... to a time series chart with linear trend lines.

## Requirements

A data set with one or more time series (date) variables. In this example, we are looking at changes in poultry consumption between years for Japan, China and Thailand.

## Method

### Adding a linear trend line

- From the toolbar, select
**Create > Charts > Visualizations > Line > Line**.

We inserted the data by clicking the**Paste or type data**button and pasting in the following cells. Note that instead of using the**Paste or type data**button, we could have used a different data source with a similar structure — such as a Q or R table — and entered it into the drop down menu for**Outputs**. - On the
**Chart**tab in the object inspector, look for the**Trend lines**group. Set the**Line of best fit**dropdown to**Linear**.

### Trend lines using non-parametric smoothers

In many cases, we want to estimate a trend that is not constrained to a straight line. To estimate smooth trend lines, we can use cubic splines, Friedman’s super smoother, or LOESS (locally weighted scatterplot smoothing). For example, in the case of Thailand, we saw that a linear line does not describe the trend very well. if we change **Line of Best fit **to LOESS we see a downward trend following by an upward trend.

## NEXT

How to Smooth a Time Series in Q

How to Set Time Periods for Date Questions

How to Show a Moving (Rolled) Average on a Line Chart Visualization

How to Create a Time Series Graph

How to Do Time Series Analysis in Q